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Fuk'anggan
福康安
Fuk'anggan
Some attributes
First Name: Fuk'anggan
Second Position: Viceroy of Liangjiang, Viceroy of Liangguang, General
Third Nationality: Chinese Manchu
Other attributes
Fourth Allegiance: Qing Dynasty
Fifth Born: 1753
Sixth Died: 1796 (aged 42–43)

Fuk'anggan (Manchu:ᡶᡠᠺᠩᡤᠨ, Möllendorff: fuk'anggan; Chinese: 福康安; pinyin: Fúkāng'ān; 1753-1796), style name Yaolin (simplified Chinese: 瑶林; traditional Chinese: 瑤林; pinyin: Yáolín), was a Manchu noble and general of the Qing Dynasty. He was from the Fuca (富察) clan and the Bordered Yellow Banner of the Eight Banners. Fuk'anggan's father, Fuheng, served as a grand minister of state during the middle years of the reign of the Qianlong Emperor.

Fuk'anggan held various offices throughout Qianlong's reign, including Governor-General, Viceroy of Liangjiang and Viceroy of Liangguang. It was rumoured that Fuk'anggan was an illegitimate son of the Qianlong Emperor. Although the story has never been proven true, it is a fact that Fuk'anggan was the emperor's most favoured general during his reign.

In 1787, 300,000 people took part in an armed insurrection in Taiwan against the Qing government. Fuk'anggan commanded 20,000 troops and suppressed the rebellion. In 1790, the Nepalese Gurkha army invaded Tibet and Jamphel Gyatso, the 8th Dalai Lama, escaped from Lhasa and appealed to the Qing government for help. The Qianlong Emperor appointed Fuk'anggan as commander-in-chief of the Tibetan campaign, in command of an army of 10,000 men. It was made up of around 6,000 Manchu and Mongol forces supplemented by tribal soldiers.

Fuk'anggan and his army entered Tibet from Xining (Qinghai) in the north, shortening the march but making it in the dead of winter 1791–1792, crossing high mountain passes in deep snow and cold. They reached central Tibet in the summer of 1792 and within three months could report that they had won a decisive series of encounters that pushed the Gurkha armies across the crest of the Himalaya and back into the valley of Kathmandu. Fuk'anggan fought on into 1793, when he forced the battered Gurkhas to sign a treaty on Manchu terms which forced Gurkhas to pay tax every five years. Fuk'anggan died in 1796 (aged 42-43) while fighting against the Miao Rebellion (1795–1806).

TitlesEdit

  • 1776-1784: Baron Jiayong of the Third Rank (三等嘉勇男)
  • 1784-1787: Marquess Jiayong of the First Rank (一等嘉勇侯)
  • 1787-1793: Duke Jiayong of the First Rank (一等嘉勇公)
  • 1793-1796: Duke Zhongrui Jiayong (忠銳嘉勇公)
  • Posthumous title: Prince Jiayong of the Second Rank (嘉勇郡王)
  • Posthumous name: Wenxiang (文襄)

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