Karolos Papoulias was the ninth and last President of a Unified Greece and right now is the First President of South Greece. He was born in 4 June 19129 and became President of Greece in 4 May 2012. He tried to reform the economy and the army. He later lost the Greek Civil War and became President of South Greece.
Rise to PowerEdit
Karolos Papoulias was born in 4 June 1929. He studied law at the University of Athens and the University of Milan, has a doctorate in private international law from the University of Cologne, and is an associate of the Munich Institute for Southeast Europe. Apart from his native Greek, he also speaks French, German and Italian.
In 1974, he founded the Democratic Union of Greece. His Party, however, remained small and never managed to gain enough support. In 1999, he united his Party with other two Liberal Parties, the Liberal Party of Greece and the Democratic Left, and formed the Democratic Unity Party.
After the NATO invasion of 2009, the American occupation forces encouraged the formation of Liberals Parties. the Democratic Unity Party unite with other 13 smaller liberal parties and formed the Greek Democratic Party. Papoulias was elected President of the Party.
President of GreeceEdit
Papoulias won the elections of May 4 2012 with the Greek Democratic Party and promised a new era of peace and economic development like that of Konstantinos Karamanlis. He supported a Liberal Democracy and changes to the end corruption.
He sought closer relations with USA and tried to present Greece as a more stable and better ally than Bulgaria. He made reforms in the economy, making industrialized once again. He also protested in the UN for the illegal occupation of Macedonia and called for Crete to unite with Greece.
He also made calls for World Peace. He called the nations around the world to stop wars and try to understand each other. His efforts gave him the Nobel Peace Prize. His reforms in the Public Service made it more effective and ended corruption. He also equiped the army with the most modern weaponry.
The Civil WarEdit
In 1 March 2013, Papademos escaped from Korrydalos Prison, where he was held, as the Prison was stormed by Guerrilla fighters of the Party of Justice. In March 25, he send to all major Greek TV Channels a Video in which he said that he had created the "Free Greek Army" to liberate Greece from American domination.
The Russians were suspected of funding the Free Greek Army. George W. Bush refused to send troops to assist the Greek Government, as he believed that the Greek Government could defeat the Rebels without American help.
Papademos attacked the American Military Base in Patra in 3 April with more than 300 troops. The Americans were at first surprised, but managed to defeat the Rebels, with the help of the Greek Government. 6 Americans died, and the Freek Greeks lost 76 men.
In the two following months, bombs rocked the center of Athens. Almost 1,400 people died in those bombings. George W. Bush was forced to send an army of 20,000 American Soldiers to help the Government hunt down the Free Greek Army.
Karolos Papoulias promised to end the revolution and bring Papademos back to jail. In 1st July, the Free Greek Army took control of Mount Parnassus and declared it the first Free Territory. In 19 July, the Greco-American army started an Operation against the Free Greeks in Parnassus with over 50,000 Greeks troops and 12,000 American troops.
The Free Greek Army, with just 780 men, could not resist in open battle, but used the terrain to inflict as many casualities as possible before retreating from Parnassus in 12 August. The Greek National Army suffered 2,000 loses, the Americans 500 and the Free Greeks 63.
The Free Greek Fighters spread in several Greek cities after their retreat, where they pretended to be civilians. Papoulias declared Martial Law. In August 29, Free Greek Figthers bombed several public buildings in Bulgarian held Thessalonica. Papademos send a video in all major Bulgarian TV Channels in which he promised revenge for the Occupation of Macedonia and threatend that Macedonia would soon be again "free and Greek".
In 13 October, CIA located Papademos in Thebes. Under a new law, no one was able to leave the city. The Police started searching for Papademos. But in 21 October, a force of 200 Free Greeks made a suprise attack against Thebes, allowing Papademos to escape the city. The Free Greeks killed 78 policemen but lost 150 fighters. In 1st November, Papademos releashed another Video in which he called for a Holy Orthodox War against the heretical protestant Americans and their puppet Government.
Meanwhile, the CIA informed the Greeks and American Governments that the Free Greek Army might have as many as 6,000 fighters. After the CIA found strongholds of the Free Greeks in several Greek cities, George W. Bush proposed to Papoulias to begin a large scale operation to clear the Greek cities from Free Greeks and destroy their bases. In 14 December, the army stormed in several rebel strongholds in Athens, Thebes, Corinth, Patra and Nafplio. More than 2,342 Free Greeks were arrested and 1,000 more were killed. The Army suffered 2,000 loses.
Karolos thought the Civil War was over and organized a Party in his Villa, where he said "Sir, I think that we have just won the War" and one of his guest is said to have replied with the now famous Quote "Mr. Papoulias, I think that the war has not ended. It has just started".
All of the Greek rebels were jailed to Korrydalos, but the Free Greek Army attacked the jail with more than 400 fighters in 3 January 2014. The Government was suprised as it thought all major strongholds, and so the operation power of the FGA, were destroyed. In fact, Papademos still ahd strongholds in Athens and Thebes that had not been found by the CIA.
1,900 Free Greeks escaped the jail, with the loss of 300 Free Greeks and 2,000 policemen. This was seen as a big failure by George Bush, who wanted the Free Greeks to be jailed in prisons all voer the country instead of being all held in Korrydalos. Bush, angry that Papoulias had not listened to him and that the Greeks failed to prtect the Police, stopped all American help to Greece for 2 months.
In 17 March, with the FGA attacking Thebes with 1,200 men, Bush decided to begin again aiding the Greeks. Thebes, to everone's suprise, fell in 21 March, despite being held by more than 70,000 troops. The main reason was because there was much anger in the Greek Army against the Americans, because the Americans gave Macedonia to Bulgaria and because Bush stopped aid to Greece for two months and blamed the Greeks for all the failures against the FGA. More than 50,000 Greek troops defected to Papademos during the siege of Thebes.
Papademos now had a huge army and a strategical importand city under his control. He declared Thebes capital of Free Greece. Papoulias responded by sending 120,000 Greek troops against Thebes. So, in April 12 the Second Siege of Thebes begun. In April 19, however, after the Greek Army failed to take the city and suffered heavy loses in urban fighting, 45,000 Greeks defected to Papademos.
Papademos now had an army of more than 100,000 troops. He beat the Greek Army in April 28 and took control of all of Boeotia. The Americans and Bulgarians had to respond. But the assassination of George Bush did not allow America to help and Papoulias asked Bulgaria not to invade, knowing of the hatred of the Bulgarians in the Greek Army and fearing further defections.
Papademos invaded Attica in 22 May with more than 80,000 troops. Papoulias gathered a force of 160,000 Greeks to defend the Capital. The Siege of Athens had begun. Athens fell in 2 June. The Government fled to Patra. Russia, that had remained netrual until now in the conflict, recognized the Free Greek State as the legal Government of Greece. In 17 June, USA and Russia signed the treaty of Athens, in which it was decided that Greece would be split in two countries. North Greece, under the protection of Russia, and South Greece, under the Protection of USA. Papoulias was re- elected with the Democratic Party in 21 June and became President of South Greece.
President of South GreeceEdit
Papoulias made several reforms in South Greece. First, he reformed the army. He drafted a over 100,000 men, trained them in USA bases and equiped them with the most Modern Weapons. He also created the National Guard, an elit force of 20,000 men. He restored the morale and confidence of the army by crushing several Revolutions of Northen finaced Rebels.
He also voted a new more liberal Constitution. He made Farming Reforms, buying the land of the large farmlords and dividing to the people. With this, he started a Project to develop a large Farming industry, since all Industry was mainly in the Northern Part of Greece.
The Population of Villages increased and that of cities declined, thanks to the Farm reform that made 56% of the Population famers. Papoulias reformed the Public Sector, trying to have few employees who graduated from prestigious universities than the large and corrupt Public Sector of the previous Greek Governments.