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WW(2)

French Soldiers marching into battle.

WWII (a)

World in 1932.

World War II (also known as WWII) was a military conflict between the Axis (France, Italy, Turkey, Japan, Portugal) and the Allies (Britain, Soviet Union, USA, RSA, Mexico, China, Spain). The war lasted from 1st September 1932 to 12 August 1941. It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100 million people serving in military units from over 30 different countries. In a state of "total war", the major participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by mass deaths of civilians, including the only use of nuclear weapons in warfare, it resulted in 50 million to over 95 million fatalities. These deaths make World War II likely the deadliest conflict in human history.

Before the WarEdit

De gaulle

De Gaulle, Supreme Leader of France.

In France, after the defeat of the First World War and the end of Napoleonic Hegemony over Europe, a Fascist Movement emerged with the name "New France". Led by De Gaulle, it managed to re-arm the French Army and develop the economy. In Russia, after the Communist Revolution, Stalin took power. Britain still recovered from WWI, while USA was becoming more and more powerful. In China, Chiang Kai Shek crushed the Communists and unified the nation, while Japan wished to expand it's Empire in Asia. Africa was dominated by British and French colonies. France had been allowed to keep it's colonies in Africa, more because British Prime Minister William Arthur feared an overextension of the Empire, than because of good will to France. Turkey had defeated Greece in the Minor Asian War in 1917 and meanwhile Portugal managed to keep it's colonial Empire alive. Italy, an Absolute Monarchy led by King Silvio II, had ambitions to create a new Roman Empire.

France had developed alliances with Japan, Portugal and Turkey. Chiang Kai Shek, fearing Japanese aggression, had allied with Britain. Also Germany and Spain had allied with Britain in fear of the emerging French power.

1932Edit

Japanese invasion of ManchuriaEdit

WW(4)

Emperor Hirohito.

WWII (b)

Japanese occupation zone in China.

In 1st September 1932, Japan invaded Chinese Manchuria. Thanks to the well armed elit "Imperial Guards" and the tactical skills of Emperor Hirohito, the Chinese defenders were overwhelmed, losing 150,000 troops from an army of 230,000 men while the Japanese lost 70,000 men from an army of 450,000 men.

Japan then through September used a new strategy, Storm War, developed by Emperor Hirohito, to defeat the Chinese. The Japanese moved with overwhelming force, killing more than 300,000 Chinese in the way and losing only 120,000 men. Chiang Kai Shek was unable to cope with the rapid Japanese advance and started retreating further and further into China.

At the same time, Britain, fearing a complete collapse of China, declared war on Japan in 7 October 1932. France declared war on Britain to protect Japan. Germany and Spain declared war on France. Portugal, an ally of France, declared war on Britain and it's allies. The Axis and Allies coalitions had been formed. WWII begun.

French Storm WarEdit

WWII (d)

French domination of Europe.

In 23 October 1932, 2 million French soldiers and 80,000 Italian Soldiers invaded Central and Eastern Europe. In a few months, the French managed to defeat the Germans and force them to become a protectorate, invade Hungary, the Baltic Confederation and the Swiss and defeat three British attempts to land troops in Normandy. In 29 December, France had managed to dominate most of Europe.

The Storm War begun when the French invaded the Swiss in 23 October and forced them to capitulate after just two weeks of fighting. Then, in 12 November a French Force of 230,000 invaded Belgium and the Netherlands. In 21 November, the French invaded Germany from the Netherlands and the Rhineland. After a major battle in Munich, the Germans surrendered.

Then, in 3 December, a French force of 150,000 men invaded and took over Austria, Hungary and Slovakia. The Baltic Confederation declared war on France in 12 December, but French troops defeated the Baltic armies in their Winter Offensive, and then started an offensive of their own and took over the Baltic Confederation.

The 80,000 Italian troops were trusted to protect the French coast from a British landing. The Italians defeated three British Landing Armies. At the same time, 120,000 French stopped a Spanish offensive into France and forced them to retreat back to the Spanin. So, in 29 December, when the Baltic Confederation surrendered, the French dominated most of Europe.

Spanish TheaterEdit

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Spanish troops defending Castille.

While France was taking over Europe, Portugal had to face Spain. An army of more than 250,000 Spanish troops was heading for Lisbon. The Portugese had only 170,000 troops. Portugal decided that the best defense would be a quick offensive and invaded Castille in December 16. Only after almost two weeks of fighting, the Portugese retreated, having lost 36,000 men. The Spanish attempted to invade Portugal itself, but a French Force of 120,000 french soldiers, after stopping a Spanish offenisve into France, invaded Spain in 27 December.

African TheaterEdit

300px-KAR soldiers collecting arms at Wolchefit Pass

French troops defend French West Africa.

WWII (4)

West Africa after the African Winter Offensive.

The British had gathered a huge army of 120,00 troops in West Africa. They were going to use this huge army to take over the French colonies in West Africa. The invasion begun in 1 November, when the British invaded French Mali, starting what became known as the African Winter Offensive.

The British defeated again and again the French, who numbered only 70,000 men, and took over Mali. They then invaded Mauritania in 3 December, where they crushed the French army, killing 23,000 men and the Governor of West Africa himself. The rest of French West Africa surrendered without a fight.

The British then tried to invade Portugese Gabon in 19 December, but they failed and had to retreat. 13,000 British had died.

1933Edit

Chinese TheaterEdit

WWII(5)

Japanese China in 1933.

In 5 January 1933, Japanese Forces of around 670,000 troops invaded Tibet and Sinkiang. The Chinese put up a brave resistance, but they were no match for the Japanese Army. Of the 2,000,000 Chinese troops in Sinkiang and Tibet, only 20,000 managed to retreat to Free Chinese territory. The rest died, as the Japanese took no prisoners. This was the greatest disaster in military history.

A small army of 130,000 tried to defend Szechwan from the Japanese, but the Chinese had to retreat after having lost more than 100,000 troops. The scale of Chinese defeats was unprecedented in human history.

From 13 March to 9 May, the Japanese army took over the whole of South China, with only Yunnan remaining. The British send an army of 500,000, mainly Indians, to support the Chinese. If Yunnan fell, then the road to India would be open to the Japanese.

in July 4 1933, one of the most decisive battles in the war took place in Yunnan. An army of 1,000,000 Japanese troops invaded Yunnan and was face by an army of 670,000 Chinese and British troops. The Allied forces, althought outnumbered and badly equiped, managed to win the battle thanks to Commander William Slim. He retreated further and further into Yunnan and managed to outflank the Japanese army.

The Japanese managed to retreat back to Japanese China, but with more than 450,000 men lost. In August 23, 120,000 more British Indian soldiers came into Yunnan. The Battle of Yunnan stopped Japan from defeating China and ended the myth that the Japanese troops could not be defeated.

Spanish CampaignEdit

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Spanish soldiers in the Battle of Madrid.

Meanwhile in Europe, a French army of 340,000 men invaded Spain in 12 January. The Spanish army, attacked by both Portugese and French, retreated. In 20 January, the battle of Madrid begun and it lasted for almsot a month, when in 17 February, the French force of 270,000 men defeated the 70,000 Spanish defenders. The battle of Madrid was a terrible fight, where thousand of soldiers died to gain just one building. The French lost 120,000 men. The Spanish 50,000 men. France and Portugal then divided Spain between them.

Balkan CampaignEdit

King Silvio II always had dreams of restoring the Roman Empire and making Rome capital of the World. In order to create a new Roman Empire, he needed to take over Greece. In 18 June, Italy invaded Albania and Greece with 200,000 men. Althought it managed to defeat Albania, the Italian Army send to Greece to was crushed with a 2/3 of it's force killed.

Even worse, the Kingdoms of Serbia, Bosnia, Slovenia, Bulgaria and Romania, allied to Greece through the Balkan Pact, declared war on Italy. France, which was planning an invasion of the Soviet Union, decided to help it's ally.

Turkey, althought ally of France, had stayed netrual in the war. When Mustafa Kemal learned that De Gaulle was planning too invade the Balkans, he offered Turkey's help. A Turkish army of 120,000 men invaded greece in 2 July. The Greeks had to let 70,000 to guard the Western Coast of Greece from Italy and send only 50,000 men in Thrace to fight the Turks while they send the entire Greek fleet to blockade Istanbul.

The Turks crushed the Greeks in the battle of Thrace. After securing control of Macedonia, Turkey send a force of 70,000 men to invade Bulgaria and a force of 100,000 men to invade the rest of Greece. The Greek fleet send to blockade Istanbul managed to defeat the Turkish fleet, but once Greece fell, it retreated to British Egypt.

At the same time, the Germans invaded Romania and Bosnia in 7 July, crushed their armies and took them over. A force of 120,000 Italians from Albania invaded the same day serbia. In 23 July, the whole of the Balkans was under Axis control. Turkey got Greece and Bulgaria, Italy Serbia, Bosnia and Slovenia and Germany occupied Romania.

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